Site restoration

Once wildings are removed, the site may be ripe for wilding re-infestation. For example, removing dense stands of conifers surrounded by shrubland creates light wells that may be quickly re-infested if not planted with another species.

Restoring and rehabilitating the site with desired plantings helps to prevent wilding conifers from returning, and accelerates creating the right conditions for a healthier ecosystem – and other land-use activities like grazing.

Dead standing trees can provide shelter and allow a quicker recovery of tussock grasses and other native vegetation – so sometimes a site is better left to recover naturally.

Note that assistance with site restoration (after wilding conifer removal) may be available through the One Billion Trees Programme.


Wilding erradication success2

Options for site restoration

Restoration planting options include:

  • Woody natives

  • Non-spread-prone conifer species.  To read more about types of conifers to plant 
    - please follow the Identifying wilding conifers quick link at the bottom of this page

  • Grass and fertiliser

Native species will often successfully colonise new sites, but may need some encouragement as some are not resilient to competition from introduced species. Options include:

  • sowing seed of native shrub species, to encourage native woody species that are relatively resilient to invasion by other plants

  • inter-planting wilding conifer infestations with native tree species, then remove the conifers once the native trees are well established

As conifer seeds are viable for up to 5 years, after control it’s important to monitor the site during this period and hand-weed any wilding conifer seedlings.